Jak utworzyć działający przycisk udostępniania, aby można było udostępniać określone cytaty
(To część to tekst z widoku tekstu powyżej)

Znalazłem w Internecie następujący kod:

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

share_text_1_btn.setOnClickListener {
            val t1 = share_text_1_t.text.toString()
            val shareIntent = Intent()
            shareIntent.action = Intent.ACTION_SEND
            shareIntent.type="text/plain"
            shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, t1)
            startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent,"Share via"))
        }
}

Ale kiedy aktywuję setOnClickListener, aplikacja ulega awarii, gdy otwieram fragment
I nic nie jest czerwone

To są wszystkie moje importy:

import android.content.ClipData
import android.content.ClipboardManager
import android.content.Intent
import android.os.Bundle
import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar
import androidx.navigation.findNavController
import androidx.navigation.ui.AppBarConfiguration
import androidx.navigation.ui.navigateUp
import androidx.navigation.ui.setupActionBarWithNavController
import androidx.navigation.ui.setupWithNavController
import androidx.drawerlayout.widget.DrawerLayout
import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar
import android.view.Menu
import android.widget.Toast
import androidx.fragment.app.Fragment
import kotlinx.android.synthetic.main.fragment_blogs.*
import kotlinx.android.synthetic.main.fragment_share.*

import com.example.blogesther.ui.home.HomeFragment
import kotlinx.android.synthetic.main.activity_main.*
import java.util.*

To jest mój kod xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">


    <ScrollView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent">

        <androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/share_title_text"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="25dp"
                android:text="@string/share_title"
                android:textSize="50sp"
                android:textFontWeight="100"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/share_text_1_t"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="25dp"
                android:text="@string/share_text_1"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/share_text_1_btn"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/share_title_text" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/share_text_2_t"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="50dp"
                android:text="@string/share_text_2"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/share_text_2_btn"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_1_t" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/share_text_3_t"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="50dp"
                android:text="@string/share_text_3"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/share_text_3_btn"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_2_t" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/share_text_4_t"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="50dp"
                android:text="@string/share_text_4"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/share_text_4_btn"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_3_t" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/share_text_5_t"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="50dp"
                android:text="@string/share_text_5"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/share_text_5_btn"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_4_t" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/share_text_6_t"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="50dp"
                android:text="@string/share_text_6"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/share_text_6_btn"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_5_t" />

            <com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
                android:id="@+id/share_text_1_btn"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginEnd="50dp"
                android:clickable="true"
                android:scaleX="1"
                android:scaleY="1"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_1_t"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/share_text_1_t"
                app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_share_white_50dp" />

            <com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
                android:id="@+id/share_text_2_btn"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginEnd="50dp"
                android:clickable="true"
                android:scaleX="1"
                android:scaleY="1"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_2_t"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/share_text_2_t"
                app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_share_white_50dp" />

            <com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
                android:id="@+id/share_text_3_btn"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginEnd="50dp"
                android:clickable="true"
                android:scaleX="1"
                android:scaleY="1"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_3_t"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/share_text_3_t"
                app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_share_white_50dp" />

            <com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
                android:id="@+id/share_text_4_btn"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginEnd="50dp"
                android:clickable="true"
                android:scaleX="1"
                android:scaleY="1"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_4_t"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/share_text_4_t"
                app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_share_white_50dp" />

            <com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
                android:id="@+id/share_text_5_btn"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginEnd="50dp"
                android:clickable="true"
                android:scaleX="1"
                android:scaleY="1"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_5_t"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/share_text_5_t"
                app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_share_white_50dp" />

            <com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
                android:id="@+id/share_text_6_btn"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginEnd="50dp"
                android:clickable="true"
                android:scaleX="1"
                android:scaleY="1"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@+id/share_text_6_t"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/share_text_6_t"
                app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_share_white_50dp" />
        </androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>
    </ScrollView>
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

To jest logcat:

2020-03-17 12:29:03.153 28028-28028/com.example.blogesther E/AndroidRuntime: FATAL EXCEPTION: main
    Process: com.example.blogesther, PID: 28028
    java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{com.example.blogesther/com.example.blogesther.MainActivity}: java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method 'void com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton.setOnClickListener(android.view.View$OnClickListener)' on a null object reference
        at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3121)
        at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3264)
        at android.app.servertransaction.LaunchActivityItem.execute(LaunchActivityItem.java:78)
        at android.app.servertransaction.TransactionExecutor.executeCallbacks(TransactionExecutor.java:108)
        at android.app.servertransaction.TransactionExecutor.execute(TransactionExecutor.java:68)
        at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1955)
        at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:106)
        at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:214)
        at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:7063)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
        at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:494)
        at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:965)
     Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method 'void com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton.setOnClickListener(android.view.View$OnClickListener)' on a null object reference
        at com.example.blogesther.MainActivity.onCreate(MainActivity.kt:50)
        at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:7327)
        at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:7318)
        at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1275)
        at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3101)
        at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3264) 
        at android.app.servertransaction.LaunchActivityItem.execute(LaunchActivityItem.java:78) 
        at android.app.servertransaction.TransactionExecutor.executeCallbacks(TransactionExecutor.java:108) 
        at android.app.servertransaction.TransactionExecutor.execute(TransactionExecutor.java:68) 
        at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1955) 
        at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:106) 
        at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:214) 
        at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:7063) 
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method) 
        at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:494) 
        at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:965) 
4
Renza Polza 17 marzec 2020, 13:25

2 odpowiedzi

Najlepsza odpowiedź

Spróbuj tego:

val share_text_1_btn = findViewById<com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton>(R.id.share_text_1_btn)
share_text_1_btn.setOnClickListener { 
            val intent= Intent()
            intent.action=Intent.ACTION_SEND
            intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT,"Hey Check out this Great app:")
            intent.type="text/plain"
            startActivity(Intent.createChooser(intent,"Share To:"))
}

Dokumenty o niejawnym zamiarze z więcej niż jedną aplikacją do odebrania

Możesz to również zrobić za pomocą Xml onClick Attribute, po prostu dodaj to do przycisku i automatycznie wygeneruj funkcję na liście błędów (alt + enter)

android:onClick="shareIntent"

Następnie po prostu skopiuj zawartość detektora kliknięć do wygenerowanej funkcji. Szybkie i łatwe rozwiązanie pozwalające uniknąć większości wyjątków zerowego wskaźnika, które możesz uzyskać.

4
CyberShark 17 marzec 2020, 15:01
private lateinit var share_text_1_btn : FloatingActionButton

share_text_1_btn = findViewById(R.id.share_text_1_btn)

share_text_1_btn.setOnClickListener { view ->
            val sendIntent = Intent()
                                sendIntent.action = Intent.ACTION_SEND
                                sendIntent.putExtra(
                                    Intent.EXTRA_TEXT,
                                    "Hey Check out this Great app:"
                                )
                                sendIntent.type = "text/plain"
                                startActivity(sendIntent)
        }
1
Manikandan Karuppiyah 17 marzec 2020, 10:31